Materi Bahasa Inggris: Narrative Texts

READING, GENRE: NARRATIVE TEXT

Materi, Soal dan Pembahasan Bahasa Inggris Ujian Nasional SMP

Narrative Text, adalah teks yang isinya merupakan cerita atau kisah tentang sesuatu. Contoh narrative text: cerita rakyat (folktale), cerita binatang (fable), Legenda (legend), cerita pendek (short story), dan sejenisnya. Di dalamnya terdapat konflik/puncak masalah yang diikuti dengan penyelesaian. Fungsi utama teks ini adalah untuk berkisah atau menghibur pembaca.

Ciri-ciri narrative text:

1. Generic Structure:

  • Orientation: berisi pengenalan tokoh, tempat dan waktu terjadinya cerita (siapa atau apa, kapan dan dimana)
  • Complication: Berisi puncak konflik/masalah dalam cerita. Sebuah cerita boleh memiliki complication lebih dari satu.
  • Resolution: Pemecahan masalah. Bisa berakhir dengan kegembiraan (happy ending) bisa pula berakhir dengan kesedihan (sad ending).

Catatan:

Terkadang juga susunannya (generic structure): Orientation, Complication, Evaluation, Resolution dan Reorientation. Untuk “Evaluation” dan “Reorientation” merupakan optional; bisa ada bisa tidak. Evaluation berisi penilaian/evaluasi terhadap jalannya cerita atau konflik. Sedangkan Reorientation berisi penyimpulan isi akhir cerita.

2. Grammatical features menggunakan tenses “past”
3. Sering menggunakan kata penghubung waktu (temporal conjunction), misalnya: once upon a time, one day, long time ago, …

Contoh Narrative Text:

Ali Baba

Once upon a time there were 40 cruel thieves who put their stolen money and treasures in a cave. They went in the cave by saying ”Open Sesame” to the cave entrance. A poor person, named Ali Baba saw them while they were doing that, so he heard the opening word. After they left, he went toward the cave and opened it. Suddenly he found a very large quantity of money and golden treasures. He took some of it and went back home. After that he became a rich man and his brother wanted to know how he became rich.

Ali Baba turned into the richest man in his village. His evil brother was really jealous of him, and wanted to know how he could get such a lot of money. Therefore, when Ali Baba went to the cave again to take some more money, his brother followed him. He saw everything, and decided to go back the next day to take some money for himself. The next morning he found a lot of money in the cave, and he wanted to take all of them. Unfortunately, when he was busy carrying the money to his house, the thieves came. The boss of the thieves asked him how he knew about the cave. He told everything, but unluckily they killed him and went to Ali Baba’s house.

After finding Ali Baba’s house, they made a plan to kill him the following night. Some of the thieves hid in big jars, and the boss pretended that he was a merchant who wanted to sell the jars to Ali Baba. Ali Baba who was a kind man invited the boss of the thief to have lunch together.

After lunch they took a rest. Luckily, the house maid went out of the house, and found that there were thieves inside the jars. She finally boiled hot oil and poured it into the jars to kill all of them. The boss of the thieves was caught, and put into prison.

Ali Baba was saved from the danger, and he finally lived happily ever after with his maid who became his wife shortly after.

Contoh dan Pembahasan Soal Narrative Text:

(Soal UN SMP 2009 Bahasa Inggris C2-P12/P16)

Selengkapnya, silahkan download di sini>>>…

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39 responses to “Materi Bahasa Inggris: Narrative Texts

  1. Reblogged this on oliviaamsjourney and commented:
    Ge bless ya! (God Bless You!)

  2. thank you to information..
    sangat membantu.
    mohon copy ya..cuma penjelasan narrativenya.
    ditunggu kunbal nya sob.

  3. good, you’ve been very helpful to a lot of people sir

  4. semoga Allah memberikan pahala kepada bapak yang telah membantu guru-guru bhs inggis melalui karyanya.

  5. thank’s 66

  6. thank you sir :)

  7. Ma’f . . . Knpa evaluation and re0rientation mrupakan optional (kdang ada kdang tdk).. Apa cri2nya kLw st0ry tu ada evaluation N re0rientatioN nya ??? TLoNg y pak,. Saya kurang mNgrti ttg it . .

    • Makasih banyak atas komennya.
      Evaluation biasanya berisi tinjauan, semacam review dan kritik terhadap jalannya cerita, plot, atau bagus tidaknya cerita tersebut. Seperti kalau kita membuat tinjauan buku. Sedangkan Reorientation bisa berupa kesimpulan yang berkaitan dengan nilai-nilai moral.
      Kenapa dinyatakan optional? Yah, karena keduanya sebenarnya bukan bagian dari jalannya cerita, tapi merupakan pendapat pribadi si penulis yang menuturkan cerita tersebut. Sebagai contoh: Pada teks Ali Baba tersebut, bisa kita tambahkan Reorientation:
      Based on the story, we may conclude that we should not become greedy men, etc…

  8. baGUS, teruskan berbagi ilmy

  9. :D:D:D

  10. trimss……

  11. trimss..!!!!
    gan..

  12. thank you :)

  13. wahh keren ama kayak tugas sekolah

  14. Thank u your narrative text is great !!!

  15. keren,keren…
    cepet bnget masuk otaknya.. hhaha

  16. ,,mudeng,,

  17. thanks bgt yah kak.

  18. Thank you

  19. Bisa Tulisin yg mn Orientation, Complication and Resolution nya donk!

  20. . Conth na selain itu ada tdk ?

  21. ada yang lain gk seperti descriptive text,procedure text, sama recount text

  22. Excuse me Sir, do you have listening materials about narrative (non fable)?

  23. mana soalnya ?

  24. nice post.. sebagai tambahan ilmu bhs inggris.. thx untuk pelajarannya.. sukses selalu

  25. tengs yahhh bang… ni pass buanget buat tugas bhs inggris gw

  26. I learn a lot in here. thank u sir!

  27. i’m really confused with grammars.. what kind of tense do we use when we’re making a narrative text? can we use a present tense? thank’s for the information.

    • Principally, a narrative text tells a story or talks about something happening in the past. When we tell a story that has happened in the past, logically, the grammatical feature that mainly we use will be Past Tense (it could also vary in other forms: past continuous, past perfect, past future, and so on).
      BUT, the generic structure using past is a kind of guidelines or outlines in writing narratives. We should NOT view it as “a-must rule”. In writing, anything is possible. Remember, all the generic structures taught to students, aim at making them feel easy in writing. If those rules cause students afraid of making composition, I think it is a mistake.
      So, can we use present tense in narratives? Yes, we can. It depends on the text itself. But when we tell events or parts of the story that happen in the past, we must use past tense. Let me give an example of narrative text (adapted from Ali Baba story):
      -
      I am a 12-year-old boy. I like folktales. One of my favorite folktales is Ali Baba. I still remember when one day my father told it to me…
      Once upon a time there were 40 cruel thieves who put their stolen money and treasures in a cave. They went in the cave by saying ”Open Sesame” to the cave entrance. A poor person, named Ali Baba saw them while they were doing that, so he heard the opening word. After they left, he went toward the cave and opened it. Suddenly he found a very large quantity of money and golden treasures. He took some of it and went back home. After that he became a rich man and his brother wanted to know how he became rich.
      “Ali Baba is now rich. How come?” asked Ali Baba’s brother himself. “Hmm… I must know what Ali Baba has done.”
      -
      First paragraph uses both present and past. We use present because the sentences indicate habit and present condition. When the story turns into the past events… we use past. Pay attention to the two last sentences. The utterances in the direct sentences are also in present tense.
      The conclusion is that the usage of tenses depends on the context of sentences and time of events.
      Thank you for your nice comment.

  28. thanks a lot….. >_<

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