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English Language Teaching and Learning: Theory and Practice

EnglishDownload:  A Module for Teacher Education and Professional Development Program (Program Pendidikan dan Latihan Profesi Guru – PLPG), intended to be used for English teachers in Indonesia who will participate in Teacher Certification Program, 2013. Title: “English Language Teaching and Learning: Theory and Practice”. File: zip-pdf. Size: 2.57 mb. Upload by: soehaarrr.com. File Archive: 2013.



English Language Teaching and Learning: Theory and Practice is a module written for Teacher Education and Professional Development Program—PLPG. This printed material consists of two parts. The first part concerns relevant theories on language teaching and learning, foreign language teaching method, instructional design, language teaching media, and language learning evaluation. The second part presents English functional texts.

The first part of this module consists of five chapters. The first chapter is concerned with the principles of language teaching and learning in which participants are provided with relevant theory such as theory of learning, theory of language, learner style, learner language, and learner language analysis.  The second chapter deals with foreign language teaching method in which participants are provided with relevant theory such as the notion of approach, method, and technique, foreign language teaching method, genre-based instruction, inquiry-based instruction, and cooperative language teaching. The third chapter concerns principles of English instructional design which provides information relating to syllabus and lesson plan designs, and principles of learning English.  The fourth chapter discusses language teaching media covering techniques of using visual, audio, and audio-visual materials, communication and information strategies. The fifth chapter considers language learning evaluation which reviews methods of assessment, particularly focusing on language learning assessment, and the assessments on the process and outcomes of English learning. This chapter also covers the strategies to determine learner’s English mastery levels which is then closed with an overview of the importance of assessment.

The second part of this module deals with English functional texts which include four different types of text. Chapter one reviews texts for interactional function including introducing, apologizing, thanking, complimenting, congratulating, wishing good luck, showing sympathy, care/concern, condolence, anger, annoyance, happiness, disappointment, and boredom. Chapter two provides texts for transactional function which include ordering/commanding, requesting, promising, warning, threatening, refusing, blaming. Short functional texts are covered in chapter three, consisting of notice, announcement, prohibition, invitation, memo, advertisement. Chapter four presents eleven types of long functional texts including Narrative, Recount, Descriptive, Procedure, Report, Anecdote, Hortatory, Spoof, Explanation, Discussion, News Item text, Review, and Analytical Exposition text… Click here to download all files of this module »…

More downloads: “Articles, Tutorials, Modules and Ebooks” related to education, click here»…


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List of Candidates for 2013 Teacher Certification Program, Maros Regency

image of calon peserta sertifikasi pendidik 2013_ maros_ 1After postponing the result of teacher competency test for about a week, the Ministry of Education and Culture finally released the announcement for the candidates of  2013 teacher certification program. The ministry through its website: http://sergur.kemdiknas.go.id/ started announcing it on July 7, 2013. The candidates, according to the list, were taken from the result of Teacher Competency Test (known as UKA/UKG) in 2012 and 2013. Teachers who had taken the test can now check their names directly on http://sergur.kemdiknas.go.id/sg13/ by clicking “kriteria” for all names in certain regency/provinces or “pencarian” for individual names.
Specifically for teachers in Maros Regency, South Sulawesi, you can check your names below. You can also download the list by clicking here>>…

Daftar Calon Peserta Sertifikasi Pendidik 2013

KAB. MAROS [350 peserta]­:  Continue reading

Announcement: The Result of 2013 National Exam, SMPN 7 Cenrana

hasil unThe result of National Exam in the 2012/2013 Academic Year for the test takers from SMP Negeri 7 Cenrana had been announced on Saturday, June 1, 2013 at SMPN 7 Cenrana.

Here are some important information based on the collective national exam result list released by the Education Department:

  • Students of SMPN 7 Cenrana who passed the exam successfully: 109 students.
  • The average final score (known as “Nilai Akhir / NA”) for Indonesian is 7.23,  English: 6.01,  Mathematics: 5.85, and Science: 6.26.
  • The highest national exam score (known as “Nilai UN”) for Indonesian is 8.80,  English: 8.60,  Mathematics: 9.50, and Science: 8.75.

To see all the result/score of the 2013 National Exam, SMPN 7 Cenrana, and the top 15 students list based on the highest scores, you can download here»…


Comments on the Postponement of 2013 National Exam

image_ national examThe postponement of 2013 National exam for senior high schools (the 12th-grade students) in 11 provinces has become a hot topic for the last two weeks. The first day of the national exam was scheduled for Monday, April 15, but it was pushed back until April 22. Day two of the exam was administered on April 23, while the third and fourth days of the test were still given on Thursday and Friday, April 18-19. The number of students in the 11 provinces were 1.1 million in 3,601 high schools and 1,508 vocational schools.

Regarding the delay of the national exam, many said that it was caused by the poor-prepared management in Ministry of Education and Culture. As an annual program in Indonesia’s education system, national exam should have been organized well and properly. Some experts also stated that because of the fiasco, the result of the national exam, therefore, could not become a valid evaluation.
Here are some comments from our society concerning on the postponement of 2013 national exam (quoted from The Jakarta Post, paper edition):

  • As the national exam is an annual activity organized by the Education and Culture Ministry, it can be prepared for as early as possible. It is very difficult to understand why the implementation of this year’s exam was so chaotic. I think it was caused by poor management within the central committee, so the minister should be responsible for its implementation. In an era where all activities can be supported by advanced technology, 11 provinces had to delay the exams due to the failure in the distribution of exam materials. The quality of education reflects the progress of the nation. Therefore, the ministry needs to thoroughly assess its failure. (Bambang Utomo, Jakarta).
  • Although the national exam is a routine, annual occurrence, this year it failed to be realized in 11 provinces. Exam material did not arrive on time, which forced the government to postpone the exams in those 11 provinces. Even after the postponement, not all schools — especially in remote areas — received the necessary exam material. In the meantime, other provinces have finished the exams, so the exam material is no longer a secret. It would be better to declare all pupils in those 11 provinces who missed the exams scheduled for last Monday, to have passed the test. They will then be free to compete with other students in their effort to get a job or to continue their studies. (Soebagjo Soetadji, Jakarta)
  • To save the students, the government could declare this a national emergency and allow schools to conduct their own exams. (Subur, Semarang)
  • As a teacher, I know that the preparation for the first distribution of 20 packages of exam materials should be well prepared by professional officials. The government should not force the schools to do something disgraceful. (Hasanah, Purwakarta, West Java)
  • It is the fault of Education and Culture Minister Muhammad Nuh. He should have estimated the time it would have taken for local residents to receive the materials. Lessons should be learned from this to avoid such problems in the future. (Moon Munawaroh)
  • Conditions in the Education and Culture Ministry are shown with this incident. But no one will take responsibility and no open investigation will be carried out. It is an accident, so be it! (Eddy Arjuna Zainy)
  • The Corruption Eradication Commission should immediately focus on this particular case, as there is an unmistakable indication of corruption here. Why is the quality of the answering sheets substandard? Students have difficulty erasing a wrong answer and, as a result, get even more stressed as they might fail their exam because of such imperfections in the paper? The Indonesian Forum for Budget Transparency (FITRA) has already alleged that irregularities occurred during the tender for the printing and distribution of materials for the national exams. This should be investigated immediately. From his past actions and decisions, Nuh has already demonstrated he is totally unfit for the job, but is adept at setting back the general education level for our Indonesian youngsters about a hundred years. The extent of Nuh’s lack of ability and failure to grasp the enormity of the effects of his blunders is shown in his powerlessness to realize the extent of the harm he has done. He can only play the blame game and offer lame excuses. If the President really has the best interests of our present and future generations of children at heart, he should fire this champion of incompetence. (Tami Koestomo)
  • Education and Culture Minister Muhammad Nuh has to step down. (Dien Muhan)
  • When the NASA Challenger 13 exploded they investigated the causes were to avoid the same thing happening again. I hope the same thing happens for this exam fiasco. (E Nurdin, Jakarta).

» What about you, my friends? What do you think of this exam fiasco? Leave your comments and share your opinion with us. Thank you in advance.

Warm regards,




2013 National Exam: 20 Versions

The Education and Culture Ministry, as recently quoted by mass media, will create 20 versions of exam papers for National Exam 2013. It means each student will get different exam paper with their friends although they are in the same room. The previous 2012 national exam consisted of 5 variants of exam papers. This modification is to prevent cheating and force students to work harder. Furthermore, the difficulty of the questions will also be increased.

Thinking about this news, I personally believe that all the methods or ways of evaluating the students’ ability still depend on the honesty among teachers, students and education stakeholders. We may change, modify or upgrade our system of exams, but the most problematic matter we face every year is how we can establish a valid and honest exam/test. Anyway, this 20-variants’ method is a new breakthrough to conduct a better assessment for Indonesian students. At least, students and teachers are warned to prepare for the national exam as well as possible.

Specifically for English test, I do hope the Education and Culture Ministry will change and modify the form of the questions. It has been 3 years, English test in national exam for junior high school emphasized on the understanding of reading texts. The clues of materials, or known as ‘kisi-kisi’, should also contain question variables that encourage students to be able to express their ability in communicative aspects, such as dialogues or conversations.



UJIAN NASIONAL 2011/2012. Secara umum, UN tingkat SMP/MTs yang akan diselenggarakan pada Bulan April 2012, tidak jauh berbeda dengan format UN 2011. Naskah soal, tetap terdiri dari 5 paket. Kriteria nilai kelulusan juga masih menggunakan model Nilai Akhir (NA) yang merupakan gabungan 40% Nilai Sekolah (NS) dan 60% Nilai Ujian Nasional (NUN).

Berikut ini hal-hal pokok mengenai UN SMP 2012:

A. Jadwal UN 2012 untuk SMP/MTs:

  1. Senin, 23 April 2012: Bahasa Indonesia
  2. Selasa, 24 April 2012: Bahasa Inggris
  3. Rabu, 25 April 2012: Matematika
  4. Kamis, 26 April 2012: IPA

B. Kriteria Nilai Kelulusan UN:

Berdasarkan Nilai Akhir (NA), dengan menggunakan rumus:

NA = 0,6 X NUN  +  0,4 X NS

Lulus, jika rata-rata NA keseluruhan mata pelajaran UN mencapai 5,5 atau lebih,  dan NA per-mata pelajaran tersebut mencapai 4,0 atau lebih.

Nilai Sekolah (NS) diperoleh dari:

NS = 0,6 X NUS + 0,4 X NR


  • NS: Nilai Sekolah
  • NUS: Nilai Ujian Sekolah
  • NUN: Nilai Ujian Nasional
  • NR: Rata-rata Nilai Rapor semester 1-5
  • NA: Nilai Akhir

Selengkapnya panduan Ujian Nasional 2012, silahkan download file-file berikut:

  1. Prosedur Operasi Standar (POS) UN 2012
  2. Kisi-kisi UN 2012 BSNP
  3. Sosialisasi UN 2012
  4. Tanya jawab tentang UN 2012
  5. Contoh presentasi singkat sosialisasi UN SMP 2012 untuk siswa, ppt.


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Indonesia: One of the World’s Tropical Rainforests

The following post is to remind us that our country, Indonesia, is one of the world’s largest tropical rainforests that has an important role in keeping our earth survival. Tropical rainforests, also known as ‘the Earth’s lung’, are mainly located in the equatorial zone (between the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn). Around 40% to 75% of all biotic species are indigenous to the rainforests. It has been estimated that there may be many millions of species of plants, insects and microorganisms still undiscovered in tropical rainforests. Tropical rainforests have been called the “jewels of the Earth” and the “world’s largest pharmacy”, because over one quarter of natural medicines have been discovered there.

To support ‘Save Our Earth’ campaign, www.haarrr.wordpress.com presents an article (written by Denise Tansley @http://www.saveourearth.co.uk) talking about the importance of tropical rainforest. Please take a time to read it!

Author: Denise Tansley

The Rainforests are the most natural, beautiful, diverse places on this Earth. They are home to many rare birds, plants and animals, contributing around 50 to 80% of the species on this Earth. Today it is termed as. ‘The Lungs of the Earth’ and two thousand years ago, ‘The Gardens of Eden’. Within the last forty years we as a whole have managed to destroy seventy percent of these Ancient Forests.

It takes an average of 300-500 years for a tree to firmly establish its roots with a maximum height for some of the trees reaching 200ft you can easily see why it takes this long and yet minutes to burn. With the size of Wales being destroyed each year for products such as toilet paper, newspaper, writing paper and furniture, the forests are looking more like deserts than the greenery it once was. So where are these forests that we hear so much about, below is a list of them all, many now have been cultivated for land to graze cattle, for roads and of course felled for their timber.

What is the difference between Rainforests and other forests?

Latitude and rainfall distinguish tropical forests from temperate (or moderate climate) forests which are found in warm climates but not too hot to be called tropical. Temperate forests are at ground elevation, mainly in North America, Europe and cooler Australasia. There are many types : deciduous woodland, coniferous woodland, Mediterranean woodland and temperate rainforest.

All tropical rainforests lie between the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn. They receive more water, being in the monsoon regions. There are many different kinds of rainforest : tropical evergreen, tropical moist deciduous, cloud forest, lowland rainforest and peaty swamp forest.

Rainforests may grow in thin and sterile soil. This is achieved by ample sunlight and water, and nutrients from decaying plant matter. In the warm damp conditions, dead plants rapidly decay and by bacterial or microbial action, the nutrients are released.

The forests are a closed ecosystem where everything is recycled but once these forests are opened, the decaying matter is cleared, the moist conditions disappear and slowly the forest cannot sustain itself.

PLEASE, READ MORE »» click here…


MC for Graduation and Inauguration Ceremonies

Free download: Masters of Ceremonies (MC) Scripts for Graduation and Inauguration Ceremonies.

Here is an example of bilingual (English-Indonesian) MC script for graduation and inauguration protocol. MC 1 speaks in English; MC 2 in Bahasa Indonesia. This simple script is intended to use for Indonesian students in SMP, MTs, SMA, MA and SMK. This script was written and uploaded by har ©2011_www.haarrr.wordpress.com.

Words to remember:
Graduation, commencement, convocation: penamatan, pelulusan, wisuda.
Inauguration: pelantikan, penetapan telah lulus atau purna siswa.
Graduates: Para wisudawan atau lulusan
Declared to open: dinyatakan dibuka
Declared to close: dinyatakan ditutup
Remain standing: tetap berdiri
Have a seat: dipersilahkan duduk
Moment of silence: Mengheningkan cipta
National Anthem: Lagu Kebangsaan
Decree Letter : Surat Keputusan (SK)


• MC 1:
Ladies and Gentlemen, all the guests and audiences… we would like to say: “Welcome to SMP Negeri 1 Tikung – Lamongan. Thank you very much for attending our invitation.”
For those outside, we expect you to come in, and have a seat…!

• MC 2:
Bapak, Ibu, para undangan dan hadirin sekalian… kami ucapkan: “Selamat Datang di SMP Negeri 1 Tikung – Lamongan. Terima kasih atas kesediaannya memenuhi undangan kami”
Bagi Bapak, ibu, dan hadirin yang masih berada di luar, dimohon segera memasuki ruangan dan menempati tempat yang telah disediakan…!


• MC 1:
The graduation ceremony for the students of SMPN 1 Tikung, in the academic year 2010/2011, on Monday, 13th June 2011, is about to begin.

• MC 2:
Upacara Wisuda Purnasiswa SMPN 1 Tikung Tahun Pelajaran 2010/2011, hari Senin tanggal 13 Juni 2011 segera dimulai.


• MC 1:
All of the graduates are invited to come to the ceremony place.

• MC 2:
Wisudawan memasuki tempat upacara.


• MC 1:
Procession. The head of SMPN 1 Tikung is coming into the ceremony place.
The audiences, please stand…!

• MC 2:
Prosesi. Kepala SMPN 1 Tikung memasuki tempat upacara
Hadirin dimohon berdiri.


• MC 1:
Ladies and Gentlemen, all the guests and audiences… please remain standing…!

• MC 2:
Bapak Ibu, undangan dan hadirin dimohon tetap berdiri…!


• MC 1:
National Anthem

• MC 2:
Menyanyikan Lagu Kebangsaan


To download the script completely, please click here»…
More downloads: English speech scripts, click here ››…


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Hasil UN 2011 SMPN 1 Tikung

Pengumuman Hasil UN 2011 SMPN 1 Tikung dan SMPN Terbuka Tikung, Kabupaten Lamongan, Jawa Timur.

Pada hari Sabtu, tanggal 4 Juni 2011 Pukul 14.30 WIB, bertempat di SMPN 1 Tikung, disampaikan pengumuman hasil Ujian Nasional Tahun Pelajaran 2010/2011. Dalam kesempatan tersebut, diumumkan juga nilai Ujian Nasional (UN), Nilai Sekolah (NS) dan Nilai Akhir (NA) untuk mata pelajaran Bahasa Indonesia, Bahasa Inggris, Matematika dan IPA. Usai pengumuman, dilanjutkan dengan sujud syukur bersama, bertempat di Mushola SMP Negeri 1 Tikung.

  • SMPN 1 Tikung
    Jumlah peserta UN 2011: 197 siswa
    Jumlah Nilai: Rata-Rata Nilai Ujian Nasional (UN): 35.06, Rata-Rata Nilai Sekolah (NS): 32.65, Rata-Rata Nilai Akhir (NA): 34.11.
    Seluruh peserta Ujian Nasional SMP Negeri 1 Tikung dinyatakan: LULUS
  • SMPN Terbuka Tikung
    Jumlah Peserta UN 2011: 18 siswa
    Jumlah Nilai: Rata-Rata Nilai Ujian Nasional (UN): 34.38, Rata-Rata Nilai Sekolah (NS): 31.66, Rata-Rata Nilai Akhir (NA): 33.31
    Seluruh peserta Ujian Nasional SMP Negeri Terbuka Tikung dinyatakan: LULUS

Untuk nilai dan hasil selengkapnya, silahkan download di halaman utama SMPN 1 Tikung [download files] pada blog ini, atau klik di sini…

Perpisahan dan Pelepasan (Purna Siswa) siswa-siswi kelas 9 SMPN 1 Tikung dan SMPN Terbuka Tikung, Tahun Pelajaran 2010/2011 dilaksanakan pada hari Senin, 13 Juni 2011.

Demikian Pengumuman ini disampaikan.


English Speech: “Tourism”

Free download: English Speech Scripts. Topic: “Tourism”. Title: “Mamasa as a Tourist Destination in West Sulawesi”. Duration: 10-20 minutes. Grade: SMA/MA/SMK, College/University, Public. Scripts: pdf, originally in Indonesian, written by ©Rina Rahmatia Ridwan; translated into English by ©har;  uploaded to @2011_www.haarrr.wordpress.com; intended to use for Indonesian students.


Assalamu’alaikum Wr. Wb.

Firstly, let us praise to the Almighty God for His Blessing that enables us to come here to join this English speech contest regarding with the sixth anniversary celebration of Mamasa regency.

I would also like to say many thanks to the MC who has given me chance to deliver my English speech.

Honorable Juries, Ladies and gentlemen, Sisters and Brothers…

On this occasion I would like to talk about Mamasa as a tourist destination in West Sulawesi.

As we all know, West Sulawesi has 5 regencies, they are: Polewali Mandar, Majene, Mamuju, North Mamuju and Mamasa. We are proud that of all the regencies belong to West Sulawesi, Mamasa is considered as the most potential tourist destination for its beautiful nature and interesting culture supported with friendly society.

Mamasa is well-known for its unique and remarkable custom, such as: its architectures, dances, languages and funeral ceremonies. At a glance, the custom in Mamasa seems to relate with Tana Toraja which is located in eastern part of Mount Quarles. This mount becomes the border area between Mamasa and Tana Toraja. Although there are similarities between Mamasa and Tana Toraja’s customs, they are not exactly same to each other.

Honorable Juries, Ladies and gentlemen, Sisters and Brothers…

Mamasa regency, located in the eastern part of West Sulawesi, borders on Tana Toraja in South Sulawesi which is also a well-known destination for domestic and international tourists. With the availability of facilities and infrastructures in Mamasa Regency, there is a high possibility for tourists who occasionally visit Tana Toraja will also be interested to drop in Mamasa, even they will enjoy its tourism objects.

Tourism objects in Mamasa are basically not different with Tana Toraja. If we compare both of them, we will find that Mamasa seems to have more interesting objects, like amazing waterfalls and exotic rivers for rafting. Even if we see our beloved regency in the morning, we will find that we have a remarkable small town surrounded by mountains with thick fog….

To download the script completely, click here ››…
More downloads: English speech scripts, click here ››…


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